History of Casares

Timeline of the History of Casares


Prehistoric remains can be found at different places all around Casares, such as the caves and shelters of Ferrete, Crestellina, Pelliscoso, the La Novia hill, Utrera and the farmstead of Alechipe (or perhaps Alepiche).


The farmstead of Alechipe is a very important archeological site where many remains have been found that may have been part of the Roman city of Lacipo, which seems to have been built over an Iberian-Phoenician town.

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire left its footprint in Casares. Many rests of Roman roads can be found in its vicinity.
Casares, together with Gaucín were allowed to mint its own coins and there are several archaeological sites near by.

Legend goes that the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar heal of a skin disease after bathing in the village's "Baños de la Hedionda" that have sulphuric and alkaline waters.
Many historians also attribute the name of the town to that Emperor.


Not found.

Islamic Empire

The present urban zone is undoubtely of Arabic origin, as shown by the ruins of the the 12th century Castle that tops the Village on a rocky hill.
Farm communities sprang up in the surroundings of the castle and with time came to form the present town center.

In 1361, Pedro the Cruel and the dethroned Mohamed V of Granada signed the Pact of Casares, by which the Moorish King recuperated his throne, leaving Casares as part of the Nazrid kingdom.

Christian Era

After Ronda surrendered to the Christian troops in 1485, Casares was handed over to Rodrigo Ponce de León, Duke of Cádiz, as part of his domain.
Later on, the Duque of Arcos accepted the surrender of the rebel Moriscos, Moors who had "converted" to Christianity. Casares had taken an active part in this rebellion, put down by Don Juan de Austria.

Modern Times

Casares gained independence from Manilva in 1795, being granted the title of Villa.

Casares become a legend for being the only town, apart from Cádiz, that the Napoleonic troops could never fully conquer.

Casares was the birthplace of the father of Andalusian nationalism, Blas Infante Perez de Vargas, labour lawyer, politician, and writer, who is considered to be the largest historic figure in Andalucia. He was born in 1885 and died during the civil struggle in 1936.

The Villa has seen an important income of tourists during the past years, most of them looking for an alternative to the overcrowding Costa and attracted by its location and superb views.

Costa del Sol / Casares / History

No comments: